Vaping : How Atomizers Work and What You Need to Know

Atomizers are a crucial component of the vaping process. Without an atomizer, there would be no vapor produced, and the whole vaping experience would be rendered useless. In this article, we will explore the inner workings of an atomizer and how it functions in the vaping process.

What is an atomizer in vaping?

In vaping, an atomizer is a device that heats up the e-liquid or THC oil in a vape tank and converts it into vapor. The atomizer is usually located at the top of the vape tank and is connected to the battery and the mouthpiece.

An atomizer consists of several parts, including a coil, a wick, and a housing. The coil is the heating element that is responsible for vaporizing the e-liquid or THC oil, while the wick is the material that absorbs the liquid and delivers it to the coil. The housing is the outer shell that encases the coil and wick and provides a space for the e-liquid or THC oil to be stored.

How does an atomizer work in vaping?

The process of how an atomizer works in vaping can be broken down into several steps:

Step 1: Filling the tank

Before the vaping process can begin, the vape tank must be filled with e-liquid or THC oil. The e-liquid is usually poured into the tank through a small opening on the top or bottom of the tank.

Step 2: Wick saturation

Once the tank is filled, the wick inside the atomizer must be saturated with e-liquid or THC oil. The wick is typically made of cotton or a similar material that can absorb and hold the liquid. The liquid is drawn into the wick through capillary action, which is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of external forces like gravity.

Step 3: Coil heating

Once the wick is saturated, the vape device is activated, and the battery sends an electrical current to the atomizer. The current flows through the coil, which heats up and vaporizes the e-liquid or THC oil.

Step 4: Vapor production

As the coil heats up, it produces vapor that is drawn through the atomizer and into the user’s mouth via the mouthpiece. The amount of vapor produced depends on several factors, including the type of e-liquid or THC oil, the wattage or temperature of the vape device, and the airflow through the atomizer.

Step 5: Repeat

The process of filling the tank, saturating the wick, heating the coil, and producing vapor is repeated each time the user takes a puff from the vape device.

What are the different types of atomizers in vaping?

There are several different types of atomizers used in vaping, each with its own unique features and benefits. Here are some of the most common types:

Clearomizers: Clearomizers are a type of atomizer that typically have a transparent tank, allowing users to see how much e-liquid or THC oil is left. They usually have replaceable coils and wicks and are easy to clean and maintain.

Cartomizers: Cartomizers are a type of atomizer that combines the coil and wick into a single unit. They usually have a metal or plastic casing that encases the coil and wick, and they can hold more e-liquid or THC oil than a clearomizer.

Rebuildable Atomizers (RBAs): RBAs are a type of atomizer that allows users to customize the coil and wick to their specifications. They are typically more expensive than other types of atomizers but offer better performance and more control over the vaping experience.

Sub-ohm Atomizers: Sub-ohm atomizers are a type of atomizer that have coils with a resistance of less than one ohm. This allows them to produce more vapor and flavor than other types of atomizers, but they require more power to operate and can be more complex to use.

Dripping Atomizers: Dripping atomizers are a type of atomizer that do not have a tank and instead require users to manually drip e-liquid or THC oil onto the coil and wick. They can produce more intense flavor and vapor, but they require frequent refilling and can be more time-consuming to use.  

How do I clean my vape atomizer?

Cleaning your vape atomizer is an important part of maintaining its performance and prolonging its lifespan. Here are the steps to clean your atomizer:

Step 1: Disassemble the atomizer

Before cleaning your atomizer, you should disassemble it and remove the coil and wick. This will make it easier to clean and prevent any damage to the coil or wick.

Step 2: Soak in warm water

Once the atomizer is disassembled, you can soak it in warm water for 10-15 minutes. This will help loosen any built-up residue or debris on the atomizer and make it easier to clean.

Step 3: Clean with a brush

After soaking, you can use a small brush or toothbrush to gently scrub the atomizer and remove any remaining debris or residue. Be careful not to damage the coil or wick during this process.

Step 4: Dry thoroughly

Once the atomizer is clean, you should rinse it with clean water and dry it thoroughly with a towel or paper towel. Make sure the atomizer is completely dry before reassembling and using it again.

What is the best wattage for vaping with an atomizer?

The best wattage for vaping with an atomizer depends on several factors, including the type of atomizer, the coil resistance, and the user’s personal preferences. In general, lower wattages (around 10-20 watts) are recommended for clearomizers and cartomizers, while higher wattages (30+watts ) are recommended for rebuildable atomizers and sub-ohm atomizers.

It’s important to note that using a wattage that is too high for your atomizer can result in burnt coils and a harsh or unpleasant vaping experience. It’s recommended to start with a lower wattage and gradually increase it until you find the sweet spot for your atomizer and e-liquid or THC oil.


Atomizers are an essential component of the vaping process, and understanding how they work is crucial to enjoying a safe and satisfying vaping experience. Whether you’re using a clearomizer, cartomizer, RBA, sub-ohm atomizer, or dripping atomizer, proper maintenance and usage can help prolong the lifespan of your atomizer and provide you with a more enjoyable vaping experience. By following the tips and guidelines outlined in this article, you can make the most of your atomizer and enjoy a safe and satisfying vaping experience.

Secure Your Atomizers & Vape Tanks with V8pekeeper

The strongest and most stable stand on the market. V8PEKEEPER is the world’s best 510 threaded vape stand to secure your vape tanks and atomizers.

Upgrade your vaping game with V8PEKEEPER. Our 510 threaded atomizer vape tank stand securely holds all THC cartridges and Vape Tanks. V8pekeeper stands are compact, easy-to-use and eliminate loose atomizers and cartridges from rolling around in drawers. No more playing balancing games with your atomizers, tanks, or cartridges. Our stands help prevent spills, tip-overs, lost cartridges, and draped oil, while keeping your gear out of children’s reach. Get the world’s best vape tank stand and never worry about storage again – get V8pekeeper today